CitationAccepted Manuscript (AM) Citation: Pierce, Madison E. and Benjamin E. Reynolds. “The Perfect Tense-Form and the Son of Man in John 3:13: Developments in Greek Grammar as a Viable Solution to the Timing of the Ascent and Descent.” New Testament Studies, 60, no. 1 (2014): 1-10.
AbstractThe perfect tense-form verb ἀναβέβηκεν in John 3.13 is usually interpreted in light of traditional verb theory, as a “past action with present results”. This interpretation introduces an apparent problematic chronology in that the Son of Man ascends before descending; however, recent developments in Greek grammar, particularly verbal aspect theory, provide a viable solution to this grammatical “problem” and indicate that the Son of Man’s descent precedes his ascent.
PublisherCambridge University Press
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